A most blessed and sacred month
The 12th month of the Islamic calendar, the month of Zil-Hijjah, is indeed a most meaningful and valuable month for every Muslim. Its name is directly derived from the Hajj, which, being the 5th pillar of Islam, is to be performed during this month. It has been referred to in the Holy Qur’aan and the Ahadeeth, as one of the sacred months (Ash-hurul-Hurum).
Significance of the first 10 days
The first ten days hold a particular significance as is mentioned in the Hadeeth of our Prophet Mohammed صلى الله عليه وسلم wherein he is reported to have said:
The day of ‘Arafah
Our Prophet Mohammed صلى الله عليه وسلم was once asked about the fast on the day of ‘Arafah (9th Zul-Hijjah) to which He replied:
Thus, this nafal fast holds such a great reward that a sincere and eager Muslim should not let this opportunity go by, thinking it to be just like any nafal Ibadaah.
One should note that on the day of Eid-ul-Adha (10th Zil-Hijjah) there is no fast, actually it is not permissible to fast on this day, thus the fasts would be from the 1st to the 9th.
The days from the 10th to the 13th of Zil-Hijjah are known as the days of sacrifice (Ayyamu-un-Nahar) during which the Qurbaani must be carried out. Qurbaani is wajib (compulsory) upon all those Muslims who are mature and possess the nisaab of sadaqatul-fitr. In England, it will be compulsory upon most Muslims.
Regarding the importance of the Qurbaani, it is related from Hazrat Ā’ishah رضي الله عنها that the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
Therefore, a Muslim is abundantly rewarded and draws closer to Allah, through this sacrifice. Since this devotion can only be offered during these three days of the year only, this God-given opportunity must not be missed by any Muslim.
There is a very stern warning in the Hadeeth, for those who ignore the obligation of Qurbaani. Our Holy Prophet Mohammed صلى الله عليه وسلم has said:
This makes it obvious that the Qurbaani is very important indeed. May Almighty Allah grant us all the best understanding and accept our qurbaanis. Aameen.
Before going to ‘Eid Prayer
The following acts are prescribed as Sunnah at the beginning of the day of Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the ‘Eid prayer:
1. To wake up early in the morning.
2. To clean one’s teeth with a Miswaak or a brush.
3. To have a bath.
4. To put on one’s best available clothes.
5. To wear perfume.
6. To eat a sweet food, preferably dates, before the ‘Eid prayer.
7. To recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the ‘Eid prayer:
الله أكبر الله أكبر لا إله إلا الله
الله أكبر الله أكبر ولله الحمد
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La ilaha ilal lahu wal allahu akbar, allahu akbar wa lilla hil hamnd.”
The ‘Eid prayer
The second obligation on ‘Eid day is to perform the ‘Eid prayer. Some rules in this respect are mentioned here-under:
1. The ‘Eid prayer is waajib (obligatory) on every male Muslim.
2. The ‘Eid prayer can be performed any time between the ishraq and zawal.
3. It is preferable that the ‘Eid prayer is performed at an open field and not in a mosque. However, if, it is difficult to perform it in an open field, it can also be performed in a big mosque.
4. It is not advisable to hold the ‘Eid prayer in every mosque, rather it is preferable that the people of several mosques either perform it in an open field or, in its absence, in a big mosque which can accommodate a large number of people.
5. No Nafl Salaah can be performed before the ‘Eid prayer, neither in ones home, nor at the place of ‘Eid prayer. Similarly, Nafl prayer cannot be performed after the ‘Eid prayer at the same place. However, it can be performed after one comes back to his home.
6. The ‘Eid prayer has neither Azaan nor iqamah.
7. The ‘Eid prayer has two rakaah to perform in the normal way with the only addition of six Takbirs, three of them in the beginning of the first rakaah, and three of them just before ruku in the second rakaah.
Khutbah: The address of ‘Eid-ul-Adha
In this Salaah, Khutbah is a Sunnah and is delivered after the Salaah, unlike the Salaah of Jumuah where it is farz and is delivered before the Salaah . However, listening to the Khutbah of ‘Eid Salaah is waajib or necessary and must be heard in perfect peace and silence.
It is a Sunnah that the Imam begins the first Khutbah by reciting Takbirs ‘ Allahu Akbar‘ nine times and the second Khutbah with reciting it seven times.
Note: The way of ‘Eid prayer described above is according to the Hanafi school of Muslim jurists. Some other jurists, like Imam Shafi, have other ways to perform it. They recite Takbir twelve times before beginning the recitations from the Holy Qur’an in both the rakaahs. This way is also permissible. If the Imam , being of the Shafi School , follows this way, you can also follow him. Both ways are based on the practice of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم.
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- September 07, 2016
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